By Wendell Tenison
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"He has made everything beautiful in its time. Also He has put eternity in their hearts, except that no one can find out the work that God does from beginning to end." Ecclesiastes 3:11 NKJV
God knows every soul (indentity/self) before the Holy Spirit creates them.
"Before I formed thee in the belly I knew thee; and before thou camest forth out of the womb I sanctified thee, and I ordained thee a prophet unto the nations." Jeremiah 1:5
Men as early as the prophet Abraham and Job knew this earth was only temporary.
"If a man die, shall he live again? all the days of my appointed time will I wait, till my change come." Job 14:14
"These all died in faith, not having received the promises, but having seen them afar off, and were persuaded of them, and embraced them, and confessed that they were strangers and pilgrims on the earth." Hebrews 11:13
Before the foundation of the world, God made plans that Christ would come to the earth and we as Jews and Gentiles would be chosen in him.
"According as he hath chosen us in him before the foundation of the world, that we should be holy and without blame before him in love:.....Having predestinated us unto the adoption of children by Jesus Christ to himself, according to the good pleasure of his will," Ephesians 1:4-5
After God created Adam and Eve, it did not go so well with them, because God was going to have laws and statutes that they had to adhere to.
"And the LORD God took the man, and put him into the garden of Eden to dress it and to keep it......And the LORD God commanded the man, saying, Of every tree of the garden thou mayest freely eat:.....But of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, thou shalt not eat of it: for in the day that thou eatest thereof thou shalt surely die." Genesis 2:15-17
The sin of Adam would have a lasting effect upon all of mankind from then unto the resurrection of the dead.
"And as it is appointed unto men once to die, but after this the judgment:" Hebrews 9:27
The Jews of Jesus' day had no excuse for not knowing of the resurrection of the dead and the judgment, seeing that one of their own prophets had told them.
"And many of them that sleep in the dust of the earth shall awake, some to everlasting life, and some to shame and everlasting contempt." Daniel 12:2
God created death as an institution to accommodate all who would follow the course of Adam. Had he not done so and none having died, would the earth contain them and could it sustain them with food, etc.? Either it was this way or man would live thousands of years and over populate the earth.
"I form the light, and create darkness: I make peace, and create evil: I the LORD do all these things." Isaiah 45:7
Because of Adam's sin, we bear the fruits of his iniquity.
"Wherefore, as by one man sin entered into the world, and death by sin; and so death passed upon all men, for that all have sinned:" Romans 5:12
What is sin? The apostle John makes it very clear.
"Whosoever committeth sin transgresseth also the law: for sin is the transgression of the law." 1 John 3:4
Paul uses the example of men dying from Adam to Moses, showing the power of the supreme reign of death over man.
"Nevertheless death reigned from Adam to Moses, even over them that had not sinned after the similitude of Adam's transgression, who is the figure of him that was to come." Romans 5:14
Spiritual and physical death are closely related, because the spiritual will reign over man if he rebels against the will of God.
"We know that we have passed from death unto life, because we love the brethren. He that loveth not his brother abideth in death." 1 John 3:14
Death and Hades are personified to the third person singular. Death is portrayed as a rider on a pale horse and Hades following behind as a giant vaccum sweeper gathering up all the dead.
"And I looked, and behold a pale horse: and his name that sat on him was Death, and Hell followed with him. And power was given unto them over the fourth part of the earth, to kill with sword, and with hunger, and with death, and with the beasts of the earth." Revelation 6:8
Death and Hades again are personified. In the following scripture, the Greek text reads Hades instead of grave as does the KJV.
"O death, where is thy sting? O grave, where is thy victory?" 1 Corinthians 15:55
Among the many enemies of Christ, Death will be the last one destroyed. Is Death a greater enemy than Satan? Our Lord said, "Now is the judgment of this world: now shall the prince of this world be cast out." John 12:31. See also John 14:30; 16:11.
"The last enemy that shall be destroyed is death." 1 Corinthians 15:26
Concerning Paul's statement regarding Christ destroying the devil who had the power of death (KJV), the Greek text reads; "that through death he might annul him who has the might of death," Hebrews 2:14. There is no question about it, Death is the greater enemy to man that Satan. Who has the greater power, the Christian or Satan? The Christain, because by resisting him, he will flee from us, James 4:7.
God does not give in chronological order in specific words the events as they will happen from the resurrection, judgment and eternal destinations. However, the scripture does tell us it is there, but we have to search it out for ourselves.
The account of Abraham, Lazarus and the rich man who obviously was a Jew also according to the reading, reveals a great mystery regarding where we go after we pass this life. Nothing is said of Gentiles being in paradise, but when our Lord gave this account, salvation had not come to the Gentiles. But, now in Christ, there is neither Jew nor Greek, Gal.3:28. However, there were righteous men before the law of Moses on both sides of the flood and that included Abraham and Noah.
"There was a certain rich man, which was clothed in purple and fine linen, and fared sumptuously every day:.....And there was a certain beggar named Lazarus, which was laid at his gate, full of sores,.....And desiring to be fed with the crumbs which fell from the rich man's table: moreover the dogs came and licked his sores......And it came to pass, that the beggar died, and was carried by the angels into Abraham's bosom: the rich man also died, and was buried;.....And in hell he lift up his eyes, being in torments, and seeth Abraham afar off, and Lazarus in his bosom...... And he cried and said, Father Abraham, have mercy on me, and send Lazarus, that he may dip the tip of his finger in water, and cool my tongue; for I am tormented in this flame." Luke 16:19-24
First, paradise falls under the umbrella of Hades. Jesus said to the thief on the cross, today you will be with me in paradise.
Luke 23:43 "And Jesus said unto him, Verily I say unto thee, To day shalt thou be with me in paradise."
Where else did Jesus go after he died? He descended into the lower parts of the earth.
Eph 4:9 "(Now that he ascended, what is it but that he also descended first into the lower parts of the earth?"
Also he went through the gates of Hades.
Mat 16:18 "And I say also unto thee, That thou art Peter, and upon this rock I will build my church; and the gates of hell shall not prevail against it."
Is there any other the scripture teach? Yes, he went to Hades.
Acts 2:31 "He seeing this before spake of the resurrection of Christ, that his soul was not left in hell, neither his flesh did see corruption."
Perhaps there is one more and that was to do some preaching. The Greek word for "preached" in 1 Pet.3:19, is heralder, or an announcer. Under no consideration did Jesus go as an evangelists to convert anyone in Hades. We could only guess that he made known to all in the realm of Hades that he now is King of kings and Lord of lords. He has the keys of Hades and Death and all will appear before him at his great judgment seat.
1 Pet 3:19 "By which also he went and preached unto the spirits in prison;"
There is at least one other paradise and perhaps only one, but who can know for sure?
2 Cor 12:4 "How that he was caught up into paradise, and heard unspeakable words, which it is not lawful for a man to utter."
Rev 2:7 "He that hath an ear, let him hear what the Spirit saith unto the churches; To him that overcometh will I give to eat of the tree of life, which is in the midst of the paradise of God."
There are some dead righteous souls given in the scriptures who possibly are not in Hades, but in other places. They are the souls John saw under the altar and the angel whom John would have worshipped. Note, the angel told John he was his fellowservant and of his brethren the prophets.
Rev 6:9-11 "And when he had opened the fifth seal, I saw under the altar the souls of them that were slain for the word of God, and for the testimony which they held:.....And they cried with a loud voice, saying, How long, O Lord, holy and true, dost thou not judge and avenge our blood on them that dwell on the earth?.....And white robes were given unto every one of them; and it was said unto them, that they should rest yet for a little season, until their fellowservants also and their brethren, that should be killed as they were, should be fulfilled."
Rev 19:9-10 "And he saith unto me, Write, Blessed are they which are called unto the marriage supper of the Lamb. And he saith unto me, These are the true sayings of God......And I fell at his feet to worship him. And he said unto me, See thou do it not: I am thy fellowservant, and of thy brethren that have the testimony of Jesus: worship God: for the testimony of Jesus is the spirit of prophecy."
Rev 22:8-9 "And I John saw these things, and heard them. And when I had heard and seen, I fell down to worship before the feet of the angel which showed me these things......Then saith he unto me, See thou do it not: for I am thy fellowservant, and of thy brethren the prophets, and of them which keep the sayings of this book: worship God."
Second, the flames of torment also fall under the umbrella of Hades. As already quoted, Luke 16:19-24, the rich man went to Hades and found himself in the flames of torment. Certainly, this is incarceration, but not like the big house Gehenna. The other place found in the reading is the great gulf that was fixed in order that neither could travel from paradise to the flames of torment and vise versa. By the fact that the rich man could see Lazarus in Abraham's bosom, tells that all three places fall under the umbrella of Hades.
Tartarus is the least mentioned and the most misunderstood in the new testament. For sure, there are no men in this place and none there will be in the resurrection from the graves. There are twelve scriptures that mention it, but there are many more that have reference to it. If Tartarus does not fall under the umbrella of Hades, it is just below it. There is no mention of Tartarus giving up those in it as does Death and Hades and this might be the sign that Tartarus does fall under the umbrella of Hades.
Of the seven places in Revelation that refer to the "bottomless pit", KJV, the Greek New Testament uses the word "abyss" instead. This is important to know for our further study of the subject.
Who are in this place?
Jude 1:6 "And the angels which kept not their first estate, but left their own habitation, he hath reserved in everlasting chains under darkness unto the judgment of the great day."
2 Pet 2:4 "For if God spared not the angels that sinned, but cast them down to hell, and delivered them into chains of darkness, to be reserved unto judgment;"
The word "hell" in this verse is "deepest abyss" in the Greek text. The proper name is Tartarus. The reason the angels are there is because they left their first estate or habitation and by reason of that, sinned against God.
Gen 6:1-4 "And it came to pass, when men began to multiply on the face of the earth, and daughters were born unto them,.....That the sons of God saw the daughters of men that they were fair; and they took them wives of all which they chose...... And the LORD said, My spirit shall not always strive with man, for that he also is flesh: yet his days shall be an hundred and twenty years......There were giants in the earth in those days; and also after that, when the sons of God came in unto the daughters of men, and they bare children to them, the same became mighty men which were of old, men of renown."
It is accepted by all bible scholars that these sons of God were indeed angels. It is not possible that a woman marry a spirit which does not have flesh and bones as our Lord said, Luke 24:39. It is possible that these sons of God entered into a man and improved his DNA. Or, these sons of God could have have become a man themselves, but on the other hand, God may not have allowed this. It appears the result of this kind of marriage, giants were introduced into the world.
Deu 3:11-13 "For only Og king of Bashan remained of the remnant of giants; behold, his bedstead was a bedstead of iron; is it not in Rabbath of the children of Ammon? nine cubits was the length thereof, and four cubits the breadth of it, after the cubit of a man......And this land, which we possessed at that time, from Aroer, which is by the river Arnon, and half mount Gilead, and the cities thereof, gave I unto the Reubenites and to the Gadites......And the rest of Gilead, and all Bashan, being the kingdom of Og, gave I unto the half tribe of Manasseh; all the region of Argob, with all Bashan, which was called the land of giants."
This bedstead was fifteen feet long and six and one half feet wide. How much power did spirits of God have? The good angels of God did come in the form of men, Judges 13:16; Gen.19:15.
John 13:2 "And supper being ended, the devil having now put into the heart of Judas Iscariot, Simon's son, to betray him;"
Here the devil himself entered into the heart of Judas for to control him.
Mat 8:16 "When the even was come, they brought unto him many that were possessed with devils: and he cast out the spirits with his word, and healed all that were sick:"
Luke 8:29 "(For he had commanded the unclean spirit to come out of the man. For oftentimes it had caught him: and he was kept bound with chains and in fetters; and he brake the bands, and was driven of the devil into the wilderness.)"
This evil spirit made this man with superhuman strength. It is not surprising that the sons of God could alter the DNA of man.
Back to the sons of God and their sin:
Job 1:6 "Now there was a day when the sons of God came to present themselves before the LORD, and Satan came also among them."
Job 2:1 "Again there was a day when the sons of God came to present themselves before the LORD, and Satan came also among them to present himself before the LORD."
Job 38:7 "When the morning stars sang together, and all the sons of God shouted for joy?"
There is no question about it, the sons of God were angels.
Now back to those angels that had sinned:
Job 4:18 "Behold, he put no trust in his servants; and his angels he charged with folly:"
Job 15:15 "Behold, he putteth no trust in his saints; yea, the heavens are not clean in his sight."
There is nothing in the previous two verses to indicate that these were the ones who had left their own habitation, but merely showing there was insubordination in heaven.
If you study the scriptures hard enough, they will fall in place and reveal the mystery.
Satan and his ministers do not fall into the same catagory as those who left their own estate. We shall see that Satan was cast into the earth and his angels with him.
Rev 12:7-9 "And there was war in heaven: Michael and his angels fought against the dragon; and the dragon fought and his angels,.....And prevailed not; neither was their place found any more in heaven......And the great dragon was cast out, that old serpent, called the Devil, and Satan, which deceiveth the whole world: he was cast out into the earth, and his angels were cast out with him."
Back to the abyss:
Luke 8:30-31 "And Jesus asked him, saying, What is thy name? And he said, Legion: because many devils were entered into him......And they besought him that he would not command them to go out into the deep."
The KJV uses the word "deep", but the Greek text renders "abyss." These unclean spirits knew what the abyss was and did not want to go there.
Rom 10:7 "Or, Who shall descend into the deep? (that is, to bring up Christ again from the dead.)"
Here again the KJV uses "deep" whereas the Greek text renders "abyss." These verses signifying Jesus in Tartarus.
Rev 20:13-14 "And the sea gave up the dead which were in it; and death and hell delivered up the dead which were in them: and they were judged every man according to their works......And death and hell were cast into the lake of fire. This is the second death."
The phrase "in them" referring to Death and Hades does not mean there were separate compartments for each. Death and Hades were partners in bringing the unrighteous into their fold.
The center reference in my bible gives the grave for Hades in these verses. Not so, if that were true, all in the graves would be cast into the lake of fire.
There are two key verses in the new testament that clarifies the righteous will not remain in Hades since Death and Hades will be cast into the lake of fire.
Acts 2:27 "Because thou wilt not leave my soul in hell, neither wilt thou suffer thine Holy One to see corruption."
Acts 2:31 "He seeing this before spake of the resurrection of Christ, that his soul was not left in hell, neither his flesh did see corruption."
There you have it, the soul of Christ came out of Hades and returned to his Father. David said, his soul would not be left in Hades, meaning, neither none of the righteous would be left in there to be cast into the lake of fire.
© 2010 By Wendell Tenison
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